Purposeful activity

Prisoners are able and expected to engage in activity that is likely to benefit them.

Time out of cell

All prisoners have sufficient time out of cell and are encouraged to engage in activities which support their rehabilitation.

Find out more about our expectations for time out of cell.

Education, skills and work activities (Ofsted)

All prisoners are expected and enabled to engage in education, skills or work activities that promote personal development and employability. There are sufficient, suitable education, skills and work places to meet the needs of the population and provision is of a good standard.

Find out more about our expectations for education, skills and work activities (Ofsted).

Education, skills and work activities (Estyn)

All prisoners are expected and enabled to engage in education, skills or work activities that increase their employability on release. There are sufficient, suitable education, skills and work places to meet the needs of the population and provision is of a good standard.

Find out more about our expectations for education, skills and work activities (Estyn).

Leadership and management of purposeful activity

Purposeful activity outcomes for prisoners are supported by effective leadership and management.

Find out more about our expectations for leadership and management of purposeful activity.

Human rights standards

The aim of prison to reform, rehabilitate and reduce recidivism is established in treaty law (ICCPR 10.3) and standards (SMR 4.1). These standards emphasise the need for education, vocational training and work, delivered in line with the individual treatment needs of prisoners, to achieve this aim (SMR 4.2; EPR 25.1, 27.5). Prison authorities have a positive obligation to provide equal access to programmes and activities, and specialised support where necessary (SMR 5.2, 42; EPR 25.3, 25.4). Human rights standards also call for a prison regime that seeks to minimise any differences between prison life and life at liberty that might lesson the responsibility of prisoners or the respect due to their dignity (SMR 5.1).