PEEL Assessments

HMICFRS’s PEEL assessments are designed to provide a year-on-year comparison, so that you can see how each police force’s performance changes over time, in relation to other forces.

Use our interactive map of England and Wales to find the latest PEEL assessment for each of the local forces. Choose a force and then Performance to read its report.

You can also see an overview of all the grades forces in England and Wales received for PEEL.

The questions that make up the PEEL assessments do not remain exactly the same each year, and must adapt to changing priorities and circumstances in policing.

This page explains how we inspected in 2018/19 for the latest published PEEL reports. How we inspect and report on PEEL is changing for 2021/22. You can find out more on the 2021/22 PEEL assessments page.

Overview of Integrated PEEL Assessments (IPAs)

In May 2018, HMICFRS changed our approach to the PEEL inspection programme. The new Integrated PEEL Assessment programme developed the existing approach. While it is underpinned by an updated methodology, how we inspect is broadly the same from year to year so that the public can see how each police force’s performance changes over time.

The IPA has been designed to bring the three PEEL pillars together into a single, clear and coherent narrative.

Integrated PEEL Assessments in detail

The IPA comprises of three elements:

  1. PEEL inspections;
  2. Force Management Statements (FMSs);
  3. force monitoring.

IPA changes HMICFRS’s approach to inspections. From 2018, inspections will be:

  • termly – we will inspect forces in three tranches across the reporting year;
  • simplified – the question set that forces are assessed against has been reduced by 30 per cent;
  • risk-based – we will concentrate on areas with the greatest risk to the public rather than inspecting every element of a high performing force every time;
  • integrated – one inspection will cover the effectiveness, efficiency and legitimacy of a force and findings published as one force report;
  • collaborative – forces will be expected to assess their own performance and provide FMSs; and
  • rolling – an ongoing monitoring process will examine areas of risk in forces and inform HMICFRS’s inspection programme.

The first IPA reports were published in early 2019.

PEEL Inspections

Since the establishment of the PEEL assessments in 2014, we have sought ways to reduce the intensity of inspection on forces. Analysis and feedback from forces over the years has shown that a risk-based approach, where well-performing forces are inspected on fewer areas, would:

  • reduce the inspection burden on forces;
  • allow forces to focus on areas presenting greatest risk to public safety and security; and
  • promote improvements in policing to make everyone safer.

A risk-based approach was trialled in Effectiveness 2017 and was rolled out in 2018/19 for the start of integrated PEEL assessments. You can use our interactive map of England and Wales to read the PEEL assessment for each of the 43 forces.

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Force Management Statements

HMICFRS will also use Force Management Statements (FMSs) to inform our risk assessments and inspection programme.

Further information about FMS is available on the FMS page.

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Force monitoring

Monitoring is an important part of HMICFRS’s inspection programme. In 2017, we introduced a two-stage monitoring process of ‘scanning’ and ‘engaging’. HMICFRS will continue to monitor forces to inform HMICFRS’s risk assessments and inspection programme.

Monitoring decisions are likely to take place three times a year, aligned with each tranche of fieldwork.

For further information, please see the our approach to monitoring forces page.

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