Integrated PEEL Assessments

Overview of PEEL

PEEL is an annual assessment of police forces in England and Wales. Forces are assessed on their effectiveness, efficiency and legitimacy. They are judged as outstanding, good, requires improvement or inadequate on these categories (or pillars) based on inspection findings, analysis and Her Majesty’s Inspectors’ (HMIs) professional judgment across the year.

Use our interactive map of England and Wales to read the PEEL assessment for each of the 43 forces.

Overview of Integrated PEEL Assessments (IPAs)

In May 2018, HMICFRS changed our approach to the PEEL inspection programme. The new Integrated PEEL Assessment programme develops the existing approach. While it is underpinned by an updated methodology, how we inspect is broadly the same from year to year so that the public can see how each police force’s performance changes over time.

The IPA has been designed to bring the three PEEL pillars together into a single, clear and coherent narrative.

Integrated PEEL Assessments in detail

The IPA comprises of three elements:

  1. PEEL inspections;
  2. Force Management Statements (FMSs);
  3. force monitoring.

IPA changes HMICFRS’s approach to inspections. From 2018, inspections will be:

  • termly – we will inspect forces in three tranches across the reporting year;
  • simplified – the question set that forces are assessed against has been reduced by 30 per cent;
  • risk-based – we will concentrate on areas with the greatest risk to the public rather than inspecting every element of a high performing force every time;
  • integrated – one inspection will cover the effectiveness, efficiency and legitimacy of a force and findings published as one force report;
  • collaborative – forces will be expected to assess their own performance and provide FMSs; and
  • rolling – an ongoing monitoring process will examine areas of risk in forces and inform HMICFRS’s inspection programme.

The first IPA reports were published in early 2019.

PEEL Inspections

Since the establishment of the PEEL assessments in 2014, we have sought ways to reduce the intensity of inspection on forces. Analysis and feedback from forces over the years has shown that a risk-based approach, where well-performing forces are inspected on fewer areas, would:

  • reduce the inspection burden on forces;
  • allow forces to focus on areas presenting greatest risk to public safety and security; and
  • promote improvements in policing to make everyone safer.

A risk-based approach was trialled in Effectiveness 2017 and will be rolled out in 2018/19 for the start of integrated PEEL assessments. You can use our interactive map of England and Wales to read the PEEL assessment for each of the 43 forces.

For further information of how we will inspect in 2018/19 please see the How we inspect section.

Back to top

Force Management Statements

HMICFRS will also use Force Management Statements (FMSs) to inform our risk assessments and inspection programme.

Further information about FMS is available on the FMS page.

Back to top

Force monitoring

Monitoring is an important part of HMICFRS’s inspection programme. In 2017, we introduced a two-stage monitoring process of ‘scanning’ and ‘engaging’. HMICFRS will continue to monitor forces to inform HMICFRS’s risk assessments and inspection programme.

Monitoring decisions are likely to take place three times a year, aligned with each tranche of fieldwork.

For further information, please see the our approach to monitoring forces page.

Back to top