2018/19 PEEL assessment

2018/19 will be the first year of the integrated PEEL assessments, which bring together PEEL inspections, force management statements and monitoring of forces to provide a judgment of how forces are performing.

This page sets out the:

PEEL 2018/19 questions

Some changes have been made to our inspection methodology for the 2018/19 inspection cycle. However, the areas that we inspect are broadly unchanged, so comparisons with previous PEEL assessments is still possible.

Our inspections focus on the core themes of effectiveness, efficiency and legitimacy, we will also assess forces on their leadership.

As in 2017, the leadership element has been woven into questions on each of the core themes, rather than being inspected as a separate question set. Questions that will be used to form an assessment of leadership are denoted by an asterisk in the question set below.

Effectiveness

Definition: an effective force is one that keeps people safe and reduces crime.

Headline question

How effective is the force at reducing crime and keeping people safe?

Core question Diagnostic
How effective is the force at preventing crime, tackling anti-social behaviour and keeping people safe? How well does the force understand and prioritise crime prevention?*

How well does the force protect the public from crime and anti-social behaviour?

How effective is the force at investigating crime and catching criminals? How well does the force investigate crime?*

How well does the force catch criminals and resolve investigations?

How effective is the force at protecting those who are vulnerable from harm, and supporting victims? How well does the force understand the nature and scale of vulnerability?*

How well does the force protect vulnerable people from harm?

How effective is the force at tackling serious and organised crime? How well does the force understand the threat and risk posed by serious organised crime?

How well does the force mitigate risk and prevent serious and organised crime?

How well does the force respond to serious and organised crime?

How effective are the force’s specialist capabilities? How effective are the force’s specialist capabilities?

*Questions that will be used to form an assessment of leadership are denoted by an asterisk.

Efficiency

Definition: an efficient force maximises the outcomes from its available resources.

Headline question

How efficiently does the force operate now, and how sustainable are services to the public?

Core question Diagnostic
How well does the force use its resources to meet the demand it faces? How well does the force understand demand?

How well does the force manage demand?

How well does the force allocate its resources?

How well does the force maximise the productivity of its resources and assets?*

How well does the force plan for the future? How well does the force predict likely future demand?

How well do the force’s plans meet likely future demand?*

*Questions that will be used to form an assessment of leadership are denoted by an asterisk.

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Legitimacy

Definition: a police force is legitimate if it has the consent of the public, and those working in the force consistently behave in a way that is fair, reasonable, effective and lawful, which generates the trust and co-operation of the public.

Headline question

How legitimately does the force treat the public and its workforce?

Core question Diagnostic
How well does the force treat the people it serves with fairness and respect? How well does the force understand the importance of engaging with people it serves and treating them with fairness and respect?*

How well does the force understand and improve the way it uses force?

How well does the force understand and improve the way it uses stop and search powers?

How well does the force ensure that its workforce behaves ethically and lawfully? How well does the force develop and maintain an ethical culture?

How well does the force tackle potential corruption?

How well does the force treat its workforce with fairness and respect? How well does the force identify and improve potential unfairness at work?*

How well does the force support the wellbeing of its workforce?*

How fairly and effectively does the force manage and develop individual performance of its officers and staff and its selection process?*

*Questions that will be used to form an assessment of leadership are denoted by an asterisk.

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How we will inspect PEEL in 2018/19

For the first reporting year of IPA inspections, HMICFRS will conduct fieldwork in all 43 forces in England and Wales across three tranches:

  • Tranche one – Monday 3 September 2018 to Friday 14 December 2018
  • Tranche two – Monday 14 January 2019 to Friday 12 April 2019
  • Tranche three – Monday 29 April 2019 to Friday 19 July 2019

The forces being inspected in each tranche are set out in the tables below.

Tranche one

Month Week commencing Forces being inspected
September 2018 3 September Essex Police
10 September Nottinghamshire Police
17 September Durham Constabulary
24 September
October 2018 1 October Humberside Police
8 October Humberside Police
Gloucestershire Constabulary
15 October Gloucestershire Constabulary
22 October Dyfed-Powys Police
29 October Dyfed-Powys Police
Leicestershire Police
November 2018 5 November Leicestershire Police
Cumbria Constabulary
12 November Norfolk Constabulary
West Midlands Police
19 November West Midlands Police
26 November Greater Manchester Police
City of London Police
December 2018 3 December Greater Manchester Police
City of London Police
10 December Kent Police
Wiltshire Police

Tranche two

Month Week commencing Forces being inspected
January 2019 14 January Northamptonshire Police
West Mercia Police
21 January Northamptonshire Police
28 January Suffolk Constabulary
February 2019 4 February South Yorkshire Police
11 February South Yorkshire Police
South Wales Police
18 February Northumbria Police
25 February Northumbria Police
Thames Valley Police
March 2019 4 March Metropolitan Police Service
11 March Metropolitan Police Service
18 March Warwickshire Police
Hertfordshire Constabulary
25 March Dorset Police
Cheshire Constabulary
April 2019 1 April North Yorkshire Police
Surrey Police
8 April North Yorkshire Police

Tranche three

Month Week commencing Forces being inspected
April 2019 29 April Sussex Police
North Wales Police
May 2019 6 May Sussex Police
North Wales Police
13 May Hampshire Constabulary
West Yorkshire Police
20 May Cleveland Police
Avon and Somerset Constabulary
27 May Cleveland Police
June 2019 3 June Cambridge Constabulary
10 June Lincolnshire Police
17 June Lancashire Constabulary
24 June Staffordshire Police
Merseyside Police
July 2019 1 July Devon and Cornwall Police
Bedfordshire Police
8 July Devon and Cornwall Police
Bedfordshire Police
15 July Gwent Police
Derbyshire Constabulary

This inspection year, all forces will be assessed against the four following core questions:

  • vulnerability;
  • specialist capabilities;
  • counter corruption; and
  • future planning.

HMICFRS will carry out a risk assessment to determine if a force will be inspected against any other questions. We will continue to inspect some forces that are ‘good’, to identify notable practice and to identify and grade ‘outstanding’ forces.

As with previous years, we will publish graded judgments (outstanding, good, requires improvement and inadequate) against nine of the core questions. There will also be one overall graded judgment for each of effectiveness, efficiency and legitimacy.

Judgment criteria are used to determine a force’s level of achievement. The judgment criteria indicate the expected levels of performance consistent with each grade. These criteria allow our inspectors to make consistent assessments across forces and for forces to see what they are being graded against. The criteria are examples to help inspectors to determine appropriate judgments. They are not intended to prescribe specific standards, relate directly to the sub-diagnostics, or to be exhaustive lists of how we expect forces to perform at these levels.

The criteria take account of existing national guidance, authorised professional practice and evidence from research. We will consider new guidance, standards and research as they become available.

Read the detailed PEEL judgment criteria.

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