What is PEEL?

PEEL stands for the police effectiveness, efficiency and legitimacy programme.

The PEEL programme

PEEL is the programme in which HMIC draws together evidence from its annual all-force inspections. The evidence is used to assess the effectiveness, efficiency and legitimacy of the police. HMIC has introduced these assessments so that the public will be able to judge the performance of their force and policing as a whole.

The effectiveness of a force is assessed in relation to how it carries out its responsibilities including cutting crime, protecting the vulnerable, tackling anti-social behaviour, and dealing with emergencies and other calls for service.

Its efficiency is assessed in relation to how it provides value for money.

Its legitimacy is assessed in relation to whether the force operates fairly, ethically and within the law.

The evidence from inspections, together with the context within which forces operate, allows HMIC to make an assessment of each of the 43 police forces in England and Wales.

See your police force has performed in the PEEL assessments by clicking on it on our map of England and Wales and selecting ‘performance’.

As well as carrying out PEEL inspections, HMIC undertakes inspections of specific subjects or services, known as thematic inspections. These consider certain aspects of policing in greater depth, identifying problems and good practice, and providing detailed judgments.

Thematic inspections complement and contribute to the PEEL annual assessment.

Find out more about PEEL

You can find out more about how PEEL inspects police forces and comes up with graded jugdments in the How we inspect section.