Stop and search powers

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Statutory powers that a police officer may use to stop and search someone to prevent and detect crime, and to avoid unnecessary arrest in circumstances where a quick search might confirm or eliminate an officer’s suspicions; use of these powers is lawful if an officer has reasonable grounds for suspicion that a person is in possession of a stolen or prohibited item, or controlled drugs, or if a person is in an area where serious violence is anticipated. There are several powers of search but the vast majority of powers used are provided for in section 1, Police and Criminal Evidence Act 1984, section 23, Misuse of Drugs Act 1971, and section 60, Criminal Justice and Public Order Act 1994.

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