Greater Manchester Police: Crime Data Integrity re-inspection 2018
Crime Data Integrity re-inspection 2018
Please note: The previous inspection was carried out before 19 July 2017, when HMIC also took on responsibility for fire & rescue service inspections and was renamed HM Inspectorate of Constabulary and Fire & Rescue Services. The methodology underpinning our re-inspection findings is unaffected by this change.
References to HMICFRS in this report may relate to an event that happened before 19 July 2017 when HMICFRS was HMIC.
In May 2016, Her Majesty’s Inspectorate of Constabulary and Fire & Rescue Services (HMICFRS) conducted a crime data integrity inspection of Greater Manchester Police.
We published the report of this inspection in August 2016 and concluded that the crime-recording arrangements in the force were not acceptable. As a result, Greater Manchester Police was given an overall judgment of inadequate.
Our 2016 report made a series of recommendations and areas for improvement aimed at improving crime-recording in Greater Manchester. This re-inspection assessed the progress made since that report. The findings and our judgment resulting from this re-inspection are set out below.
- Crime Data Integrity re-inspection 2018
- Revised overall judgment
- Summary of inspection findings
- How effective is the force at recording reported crime?
- How efficiently do the systems and processes in the force support accurate crime recording?
- How well does the force demonstrate the leadership and culture necessary to meet the national standards for crime recording?
- What next?
Revised overall judgment
Greater Manchester Police has made some efforts to improve its crime-recording accuracy since HMIC’s 2014 Crime Data Integrity inspection report. We found that:
- officers and staff have made some progress in placing the victim at the forefront of their crime-recording decisions;
- it has made good progress against a national action plan developed to improve crime-recording by police forces; and
- it has made progress toward the introduction of a new IT system which it intends will support more effective crime-recording.
Much work remains to be done, however. Based on the findings of our examination of crime reports for the period 1 September 2015 to 29 February 2016, we estimate that the force fails to record over 38,000 reported crimes each year. This represents a recording rate of 85.49 percent (with a confidence interval of +/- 1.92 percent). The 14.51 percent of reported crimes that go unrecorded include serious crimes such as sexual offences and rape. The recording rate for violent crime is a particular cause of concern at only 75.36 percent (with a confidence interval of +/- 4.50 percent). This means that on too many occasions the force is failing victims of crime.
Improvements must be made in many areas. In particular, we consider that too often the time taken for officers to attend reports of crime is unacceptable, and that there are too many failures to make the correct crime-recording decision at the first opportunity. These failures are often due to an insufficient understanding of crime-recording requirements by officers and staff compounded by limited supervision to correct these decisions at the earliest opportunity. However, these failures are also linked to the current limitations of the force’s IT systems which do not allow for auto-recording of crime at the first point of contact.
Greater Manchester Police has improved its crime-recording accuracy since HMICFRS’ 2016 inspection. We found that the force has improved:
- recording of violent crime
- cancellation processes for recorded crimes;
- timeliness of the recording of reported crime;
- use of feedback to improve crime-recording decisions;
- use of classification N100; and
- crime-recording audit arrangements.
Based on the findings of our examination of crime reports for the period 1 June 2017 to 31 August 2017 we estimate that the force records 89.1 percent (with a confidence interval of +/- 1.68 percent) of crimes reported to it. This compares with our 2016 inspection finding of 85.49 percent (confidence interval +/- 1.92 percent). We estimate that, in comparison with the findings of our 2016 inspection, this improved recording accuracy meant that the force recorded an additional 15,100 crimes for the year covered by our re-inspection audit period. As a result, substantially more victims will have their reported crimes recorded. In addition to these victims receiving an improved service and being offered additional support from Greater Manchester Victim Services, the force has improved its understanding of demand and the extent to which crime is affecting its communities.
We did find, however, that the force still needs to improve its:
- identification and recording of all reports of crime which are domestic abuse related;
- recording of public order offences;
- recording of rape crimes reported to the force; and
- recording of equality information from victims of crime.
Summary of inspection findings
The force has made some progress with its crime-recording processes since our 2014 report. In particular, we found that:
- the force has made progress with implementing changes recommended in the 2014 report, and as a result has completed some of these recommendations;
- the force has also made good progress against the action plan, developed by the national policing lead on crime statistics following the 2014 report, and which all forces have been asked to implement. These include improvements to the force’s use of out-of-court disposals (i.e. cautions and community resolutions) and to the level of its audit of crime-recording decisions; and
- the force crime registrar (FCR) – responsible for oversight of crime-recording arrangements – has completed a national College of Policing course for FCRs and is now fully accredited for the role. His work is supported by the deputy chief constable and a small number of staff.
Despite these advances, the force’s performance in respect of crime-recording is inadequate in the following areas:
- The force is currently under-recording too many reports of crime, including:
- reports of rape;
- violent crimes; and
- sexual offences (excluding rape).
The force needs to act promptly to improve the accuracy of its recording of these reports and to provide all victims with the service to which they are entitled and deserve.
- Reports of crime reported directly to public protection investigation units (PPIUs) are not always being recorded.
- The force is incorrectly cancelling some recorded sexual offences (excluding rape), and offences of robbery and violence.
- The FCR provides information to local policing divisions on crime-recording performance, including individual feedback for officers and staff. However, not all divisions are providing this feedback to their officers and staff.
- The FCR and his team do not have sufficient capacity to efficiently and effectively audit and scrutinise crime-recording decisions.
- The force must improve its collection of information regarding the effect of criminality on identifiable groups within communities.
Some of these failings are a consequence of officers and staff not understanding their responsibilities for crime-recording, including the cancellation of recorded crime records. They are, in addition, underpinned by limited supervision by the force to support officers and staff in making good and prompt crime-recording decisions.
Causes of concern and areas for improvement
In 2016, we identified several causes of concern and areas for improvement, you can view these in the full version of the 2016 report.
Since our 2016 inspection the deputy chief constable has taken responsibility for a change programme intended to improve the force’s crime-recording arrangements. This leadership has helped the force make good progress. In particular, we found that the force:
- has implemented many of the recommendations made in our 2016 report;
- records more reports of crime at the first point at which sufficient information exists to do so;
- improved substantially its recording of violent crimes;
- provided training which has greatly improved the understanding of crime-recording requirements among officers and staff;
- more robustly supervises and assures the quality of crime-recording decisions, with scrutiny taking place within the operational control branch scrutinising these decisions to ensure that better crime-recording decisions are being made; and
- worked with University College London to assist officers in making better crime-recording decisions.
The force must continue to improve the service provided to victims of rape and domestic abuse. It also needs to improve its collection of equality data from victims.
The force has put a great deal of effort into reviewing and revising its crime-recording arrangements, and providing training to its officers and staff. New feedback processes enable supervisors, officers and staff to learn from mistakes made in crime-recording decisions. These have led to improvements in crime-recording accuracy and the resultant service to victims of crime, for which we commend the force.
The force has substantially improved the timeliness with which it records crimes. This improvement has been achieved through governance, visibility of daily failure data on the force daily summary and effective leadership. This ensures a timely referral to Greater Manchester Victim Services.
Finally HMICFRS acknowledges that the force has made these improvements during a particularly challenging period following recent terrorist attacks.
How effective is the force at recording reported crime?
Overall crime-recording rate
The force has considerable work to do in order to ensure it records all reports of crime in accordance with the Home Office Counting Rules (HOCR). We examined reports of crime which the force received, and for which an auditable record was created. The force informed HMIC that 99.86 percent of crime that is recorded (excluding fraud) came through an auditable crime reporting route. This does not mean that 99.86 percent of crimes reported to Greater Manchester Police comes through these routes but that 99.86 percent of crime is recorded this way.
We found that the force recorded 85.49 percent of these crimes. We estimate that this means the force is not recording over 38,000 reports of crime each year. Those failings are depriving many victims of the services to which they are entitled and are a cause of concern.
One factor contributing to the force’s under-recording of crime reports is its process for dealing with the initial receipt of these reports. We found that:
- where a reported crime does not require the immediate attendance of a police officer the report is sent to a local resolution team (LRT), located on each division. These teams have responsibility for the management and co-ordination of the response to less urgent reports of crime and for deciding whether or not to record a crime, its classification, investigation and finalisation; and
- where a decision is taken to deploy an officer to speak to a victim, there is often an unacceptable delay, sometimes for several days. Some incidents are also inappropriately sent to LRTs for investigation which leads to delays in crime-recording decisions being made.
In too many cases, the crime-recording decisions made by attending officers and in LRTs are wrong. We found that this is because officers and staff do not understand fully the crime-recording requirements.
A further problem relates to supervision of the force’s response to reports of crime and of its later crime-recording decisions.
The operational communications branch (OCB) is responsible for ensuring that all reported incidents that have been assessed for attendance are dealt with within specific timescales and that, when finalised, correct crime-recording decisions are made. We found that within the OCB and across LRTs the supervision is inconsistent, so many crime-recording decisions are incorrect.
We also found that the FCR operates a feedback process to draw crime-recording mistakes to the attention of the relevant officer or staff member. However, we found little consistency in its application. There are important differences across divisions, where some officers receive feedback and others do not. As a result, the force does not use the feedback process to its full potential. This is an area for improvement.
We note, in concluding this section, that force IT systems are also a contributory factor which limit the effectiveness of crime-recording within the force, as they do not allow for auto-recording of crime at the first point of contact. To address this issue, the force has commenced work to introduce a new IT system intended to help improve the efficiency of its crime-recording arrangements.
89.1% of reported crimes were recorded
The force has made progress with its processes ensuring it now records more reports of crime in accordance with the Home Office Counting Rules (HOCR). We examined reports of crime which the force received, and for which an auditable record was created. The force informed HMICFRS that all crime that is recorded (excluding fraud) came through an auditable crime reporting route.
We found that the force recorded 89.1 percent of these crimes (with a confidence interval of +/- 1.68 percent). This compares with our 2016 inspection finding of 85.49 percent (confidence interval +/- 1.92 percent). We estimate that, in comparison with the findings of our 2016 inspection, this improved recording accuracy meant that the force recorded an additional 15,100 crimes for the year covered by our re-inspection audit period. This improvement is welcome.
Of a total of 1,358 reports of crime that we audited, we assessed 291 of these related to domestic abuse. Of these the force had recorded 235. The 56 offences not recorded included offences of common assault, harassment or stalking, malicious communications and public order. We did not examine this feature of crime recording during our 2016 inspection so we cannot compare progress since that time.
We found that of these unrecorded domestic abuse cases, safeguarding had been conducted in all cases where it was necessary. In some cases an investigation was carried out, but not in all. It is important that the force improves crime recording in domestic abuse incidents so that it has a greater understanding of how domestic abuse crime affects its communities, and victims can have greater confidence in the response of the force when reporting these crimes. It is clear that officers and staff understand their responsibilities, but the force must further improve its recording of domestic abuse crimes.
We found that 75.36 percent of violent crimes reported to the force are recorded (with a confidence interval of +/- 4.50 percent). This is slightly lower than the overall crime recording rate noted above. By our estimate , this means the force fails to record over 16,800 violent crimes that are reported to it each year. As violent crime can be particularly distressing for the victim, this is an area in which the need for improvement is particularly acute.
Many of these are crimes involving injury that can cause even further distress for the victim; we therefore find the recording of reports of violent crime by the force is inadequate and a serious cause of concern.
It should be noted, HMIC’s approach in this inspection is to achieve a confidence interval of no more than
+/- 3.0 percent. However, to achieve this confidence interval when recording accuracy is particularly poor requires a substantial increase in the number of records HMIC must audit. In the case of recording of violent crime by Greater Manchester Police, this would have necessitated the audit of an additional 870 records. We therefore decided not to extend the audit on this occasion and to accept the confidence interval as reported.
In the majority of cases where violent crimes are not recorded, we found the principal causes to be:
- delays of many hours, and in some cases days, in the deployment of an officer to speak to the victim. This leads to hostility and an understandable lack of co-operation from the victim;
- inconsistency of effective supervision to ensure that the force attends to victims’ reports of crime in a timely manner; and
- a lack of understanding of the complexities found in some violence offences such as harassment, resulting in the failure to record many such reports of crime.
Victims of violent crime, and in particular victims of serious violence, often require substantial support. This support should come not only from the police but from other appropriate agencies, such as Victim Support. In those circumstances, crime-recording takes on a heightened importance. Failing to properly record a violent crime can result in victim support agencies receiving no notification that a person has become a victim of violent crime. That, in turn, deprives victims of the support they need and deserve.
86.8% of reported violent crimes were recorded
We found that 86.8 percent of violent crimes reported to the force are recorded (with a confidence interval of +/- 2.95 percent). This compares with our 2016 inspection finding of 75.36 percent (confidence interval +/- 4.50 percent). We estimate that, in comparison with the findings of our 2016 inspection, this improved recording accuracy meant that the force recorded an additional 14,600 crimes for the year covered by our re-inspection audit period. As a result, substantially more victims of violent crime will have their reported crimes recorded. This is a welcome improvement.
In the majority of cases where violent crimes were still not recorded, we found the principal causes to be:
- misunderstanding of the complexities with recording some violence offences such as harassment, malicious communications and common assault, resulting in the failure to record such reports of crime;
- failures to record multiple crimes in accordance with the Home Office Counting Rules; and
- failures to record additional crimes disclosed during the course of investigations.
The force’s recording of reports of sexual offences (including rape) requires improvement. We found that the force records 91.71 percent of sexual offence crimes that are reported to it (with a confidence interval of +/- 2.53 percent). We estimate that this means the force fails to record over 500 reported sexual offence crimes each year.
Those failings are significant given the very serious nature of sexual offences and the harm that they cause to their victims. We found, for example, that the force had failed to record reports of sexual assaults against vulnerable adults and children.
Two of the causes of that under-recording are the same as were identified above in respect of violent crime. There is, firstly, a lack of adequate knowledge surrounding the crime-recording rules by some officers and staff within the force. There is, secondly, a lack of appropriate supervision for crime-recording decision-making.
We found a further cause of this under-recording to be the deployment of officers and staff who do not possess the specialist skills and knowledge necessary to properly deal with these reports, to provide the right support to these victims (who are often vulnerable), or to make the correct crime-recording decision. We found that the majority of detective officers are specially trained officers (STOs) who, in the absence of a uniformed STO, could attend reported sexual offences, yet sometimes they are not asked to do so.
Sexual offence victims require significant support from the outset. The failure to record such crimes, to provide appropriate support to the victim and any delay in attendance or investigation will often result in a lack of confidence in the police and reluctance on behalf of the victim to engage in subsequent stages of the criminal justice system. The force must improve its performance in this regard.
91.4% of reported sex offences were recorded
We found that the force records 91.4 percent of sexual offence crimes that are reported to it (with a confidence interval of +/- 2.60 percent). This compares with our 2016 finding of 91.71 percent (confidence interval +/- 2.53 percent). This recording rate has deteriorated slightly since our 2016 inspection so there has been no improvement in service to these victims of crime.
Despite this, the recording rate is still good. However, it is particularly important for victims of sexual offence crimes that they are recorded as many of these are very serious in nature and cause significant harm to their victims.
The force failed to record a small number of sexual assaults. The reasons for these failings are as described above.
We found 111 reports of rape that should have been recorded but only 100 of these had been recorded. These include reports that originated on the force incident system, from a review of records used to justify not recording a report of rape (known as N100s), and in one case from a record of a crime of modern slavery.
As already described, reports of rape should involve the attendance of an STO to speak to the victim, yet we found that this is not always happening. In one case we found that a report of a non-recent or historic rape was referred to an LRT to progress. Whether recent or historic, all such reports must be attended by an STO to ensure the victim receives the service and support necessary. STOs understand that it is their responsibility to create the crime report following initial attendance; other officers may not, resulting in crimes not being recorded.
There are, in addition, some issues surrounding the force’s use of the Home Office classification N100. Introduced in April 2015, the N100 is a record created to describe why reported incidents of rape or attempted rapes, whether from victims, witnesses or third parties, have not been immediately recorded as a confirmed crime. This can include where additional information confirms the rape did not occur, or where the rape occurred in another force area and was therefore transferred to the relevant force to record and investigate.
We found 10 incident reports for which an N100 classification should have been applied. However, it was only applied on three occasions.
Separately, we also reviewed 20 sample records where an N100 classification had been used. Among these we found five reports that the force should have recorded as crimes of rape, two of which the force had subsequently recorded, but much later than they should have been. Three had not been recorded at all.
The timeliness of the recording of a report of rape is important. Victims generally require significant support from the very outset and any delay in providing support can be detrimental to the recovery of the victim and any investigation, which in turn can influence negatively any future judicial proceedings. The failure to record some reports of rape, including the incorrect use of the classification N100 is, therefore, a cause of concern.
147 of 181 audited rape reports were accurately recorded
Rape is one of the most serious sexual offence crimes a victim can experience. Accurate recording helps to ensure the victim receives the service they have a right to expect and deserve, and it allows the police to identify the nature and extent of sexual violence in their local area. In turn, this enables the police to operate with the highest practicable levels of efficiency to identify and deal effectively with perpetrators.
In Greater Manchester we found that 147 of 181 rape crimes had been recorded as a crime. Importantly, all but one of the 12 victims involved in the 34 unrecorded rape crimes were nonetheless receiving a good service from the force. In the cases of the 11 well-served victims, the force was investigating rapes reported by the victim and was providing safeguarding and support. In the remaining case, the victim was in a secure mental health facility and the investigating officers accepted the assessment of staff within that facility that the victim lacked the capacity to make an informed complaint. This was an error, which HMICFRS notes the force has since rectified and made direct contact with the victim. The force has created a crime record of one rape and it remains under investigation.
Where a reported rape is not recorded as a crime, forces are required to apply a Home Office classification N100. In this regard the force has improved.
We examined 20 N100s, 19 of which were correctly applied. The one that was wrongly completed should have been recorded as a rape from the outset, but despite this the victim still received a good service from the force. We also found within other records that 16 N100s should have been completed and 14 were. We found that staff understanding of the correct use of N100 had improved, particularly within the operational control branch and public protection investigation units.
How efficiently do the systems and processes in the force support accurate crime recording?
Crime reports held on other systems
In order to be confident that vulnerable victims always receive the support they need, the force must improve its recording of crimes reported directly to its public protection investigation units (PPIUs).
We found that officers and staff working within the public protection department (PPD) and divisional PPIUs use a database called the PPI to record and manage investigations, including sexual offence crimes.
We examined 50 cases recorded on the PPI; of these we found that 22 crimes should have been recorded, yet only 15 had been. The seven reports which were not recorded included three crimes of violence. We found the supervision of crime-recording decisions from reports held on the PPI to be ineffective.
We found that the force does not have effective procedures in place to assure itself that crime reported by third parties (such as health professionals or social services), whether by email or during multi-agency meetings, are recorded.
We also examined 27 PPI email records. Of these, we found that 24 crimes should have been recorded, yet only 15 had been. The nine reports which were not recorded included sexual offences and violence. Once again, we found that the supervision of crime-recording decisions from the reports held within these email records was ineffective; 30 out of 46 vulnerable victim crimes were recorded.
We note with approval, however, that senior leaders within the PPD – aware that many third party allegations of crime that are being investigated within the PPI are not being recorded as crimes – had themselves audited one division’s PPI records. This identified serious crime allegations which had not been recorded. Consequently, the force has introduced an audit process to specifically address this area.
The seriousness of the risks associated with under-recording reports of crime made to the PPIUs renders the gap in the recording that we found a further cause of concern.
18 of22 vulnerable victim crimes were recorded
We found that Greater Manchester Police has made progress to ensure that crimes reported directly to its public protection teams are recorded. The recording of these crimes is important in order for the force to be confident that vulnerable victims receive the support they need.
We examined 50 vulnerable victim records. We found that of 22 crimes that should have been recorded, 18 had been. The 4 crimes which were not recorded included 2 assaults, 1 coercive and controlling behaviour offence and 1 offence where a young person had shared an indecent image online. In all cases we found sufficient safeguarding was provided to the victim. In the assault cases, the force only conducted limited investigations, it took positive action against the offender in the indecent image offence case, and in the remaining case the victim was supported well by domestic abuse professionals.
Offences relating to modern slavery are an important and recent addition to the crimes that forces must record and investigate. We therefore reviewed the recording of reports of modern slavery offences. We also examined forces’ understanding of the origin of such reports.
We examined 20 recorded crimes of modern slavery. In these, we found that the force should have recorded 33 reported crimes of various types, yet had only recorded 28. The five reported crimes which the force did not record include one offence of modern slavery, one of rape, one of sexual activity with a child, one of violence and one of theft. The force needs to do more to ensure that it identifies, records and investigates all crimes from reports of modern slavery. This, therefore, requires improvement.
The force has a good understanding of the origin of reports of modern slavery and works at local, regional and national levels to develop that understanding further. The force lead on modern slavery is committed and enthusiastic, and the force has introduced a modern slavery unit which provides good governance and partnership engagement in this area.
The force has introduced a modern slavery advisory role in each division of the force. The force is also training 120 staff to take on the role of victim liaison for modern slavery. We found that frontline officers and staff understood modern slavery less comprehensively; but that the force anticipates that its introduction of local advisors and liaison officers will improve this.
Offences relating to modern slavery are an important and recent addition to the crimes that forces must record and investigate. We therefore reviewed the recording of reports of modern slavery offences. We also examined the force’s understanding of the origin of such reports.
In 2016 we were unable to extract modern slavery incidents from the force’s incident recording systems. The force subsequently changed these systems so as to more easily retrieve modern slavery records. This enabled us to audit systems and assess compliance with the crime-recording requirements.
We examined 20 modern slavery crimes and found that 15 crimes should have been recorded but the force had actually recorded 20 crimes. In addition, we examined 22 modern slavery referrals received from other agencies. From these, four modern slavery crimes should have been recorded, but only one was. Also, four additional offences were not recorded including three rape offences and one assault.
The force needs to improve its recording of modern slavery and associated crimes, but HMICFRS recognises that the force has invested significantly in resourcing for modern slavery and improved its understanding of the extent of this crime. The dedicated unit dealing with modern slavery is busy and under pressure, and this may well account for the problems we discovered during our audit. The force has taken immediate action to address this.
Where additional verifiable information (AVI) is obtained to show that a recorded crime did not occur, the crime record can be cancelled. In this respect, we found that the force’s performance requires improvement. This is particularly the case in respect of the most serious offences.
We reviewed a dip-sample of cancelled recorded crimes of rape, other sexual offences, violence, and robbery. The FCR has clear oversight of rape cancellations and we found that 18 out of 20 offences were correctly cancelled. The two incorrect decisions had been made by a locally-based designated decision maker (DDM) and the FCR had intervened to correct these.
Within PPIUs and the central PPD, DDMs are responsible for cancelling sexual offence crimes (excluding rape). We found that 17 out of 21 such offences were correctly cancelled. DDMs within Divisions are responsible for cancelling violence and robbery offences. We found that only 10 out of 20 violence offences and 15 out of 22 robbery offences were correctly cancelled.
In the 2014 report, the cancellation of recorded crimes was an area recommended for improvement. The improvement in rape crime cancellation decisions is welcome. However, the absence of any evident improvement in the decisions to cancel other types of crime is unacceptable.
Where a crime has been cancelled a victim should always know the status of his or her reported crime. In the case of a decision to cancel a recorded crime, the very least the victim should expect is an explanation of the reason for this decision. We found that the force had not done so for 32 out of the 83 cancellation decisions we reviewed. This includes sexual offence crimes which we found did not meet the standard of AVI required to justify the decision to cancel the crime record. This risks leaving the victim with the mistaken impression that the police are still pursuing an offender.
The force must improve its procedures in relation to its decisions to cancel recorded reports of crime, and ensure that it informs victims of any such decision. This is, therefore, an area for improvement.
All crime cancellations except rape are made by designated decision makers. Rape cancellations are made by the force crime registrar. We found that all rapes and all violence offences were correctly cancelled. Some 15 out of 20 robbery offences and 19 out of 20 sexual offences were also correctly cancelled. This is a good result, except for victims of robbery, where improvement is required. In those cases where the victim needed to be told of the decision to cancel the crime, the force only told 42 out of 52 victims. The force must improve its processes to ensure that all victims are notified.
HMIC found that the force must improve its collection of information regarding the effect of criminality on identifiable groups within communities.
Protected characteristics, such as gender, sexuality, disability, ethnicity, religion and age do not necessarily increase the vulnerability of an individual to the risk of crime. However, it is important that the force records information regarding the characteristics of victims of crime in order that it may identify any patterns which may exist between different community groups and their vulnerability to (or their relative likelihood to report) different types of crime.
Importantly, so long as the force fails to record such information, it will be unable to understand clearly whether its crime-recording decisions are consistent across different community groups. This, therefore, is an area for improvement.
The force has made some progress with recording more equality information. While the force’s computer systems do not record this automatically, it is about to introduce a new integrated operating system which has been designed in part to record equality information. The force is considering how best to approach victims of crime in order to gather this information.
How well does the force demonstrate the leadership and culture necessary to meet the national standards for crime recording?
Following the publication of our 2016 inspection findings the deputy chief constable took responsibility for leading the work to improve the force’s crime-recording arrangements. The force has re-emphasised crime-recording expectations and has publicised them well to officers and staff. The entire senior leadership team, including the chief constable, has been highly visible across the force area in ensuring crime-recording responsibilities are understood.
The force has improved senior officer oversight of crime-recording arrangements, and of the systems and processes and supervision and training of officers and staff. As a result, officers and staff are placing the needs of the victim at the heart of their crime-recording decisions. In particular, the service the force provides to victims of violence offences has improved.
The behavioural work the force undertook in conjunction with University College London is an innovative approach to implementing change within the force. It is a good example of the determination of the force to improve in this area.
We were pleased to find that the force has completed most of the recommendations from our 2016 report and that the force understands the areas identified within this report where further improvements need to be made.
Greater Manchester Police has made good progress with improving its crime-recording processes since 2016 and HMICFRS welcomes this improvement. It is clear that all staff and officers have worked hard to make improvements to the force crime-recording arrangements and to providing a better service to local communities and victims of crime. However, the force still has some work to do to improve the service it provides to victims of rape and domestic abuse; and to improve its collection of equality data from victims of crime.
HMICFRS welcomes the steps taken by Greater Manchester Police to improve its crime-recording arrangements. HMICFRS expects the force to continue to make further progress and to build on the improvements made so far. We will continue to monitor progress.
The force, as with all police forces, may be subject to a further unannounced crime data integrity inspection at any time.