HM Inspector of Constabulary and
HM Inspector of Fire & Rescue Services
Zoë Billingham

Zoë Billingham


HMI Zoë Billingham – Biography

A qualified lawyer, Zoë Billingham was appointed HM Inspector of Constabulary in September 2009 and HM Inspector of Fire & Rescue Services in July 2017.

National role

Zoë is the senior responsible officer for HMICFRS’s inspections of the fire and rescue services in England. Zoë has worked closely with chief fire officers, fire authorities and staff associations to introduce the new inspection framework. This assesses how well fire and rescue services prevent, protect against and respond to fires and other emergencies, and how they look after the people who work for the service.

Zoë leads on the inspection of the police response to domestic abuse. Since 2013 she has produced a series of reports with the aim of improving how police respond to reports of domestic abuse, identifying lessons and making recommendations to police forces. Zoë also sits on the Domestic Abuse National Oversight Group.

In 2017 Zoë published a report examining the police approach to people with mental health problems. This report called for improvements in the broader mental health system, to avoid the need for a crisis response.

Zoë chairs several expert reference groups of major stakeholders. These meet to share best practice and advise on the development and implementation of the inspection subjects she is responsible for.

Zoë is passionately committed to increasing diversity and inclusion in policing and the fire and rescue service. She regularly speaks on the subject at national and regional conferences.

Regional role for police forces

Zoë Billingham is Her Majesty’s Inspector of the Constabulary for the Eastern Region and deals with the following police forces:

  • Cambridgeshire Constabulary
  • Derbyshire Constabulary
  • Essex Police
  • Hampshire Constabulary
  • Hertfordshire Constabulary
  • Kent Police
  • Leicestershire Police
  • Lincolnshire Police
  • Norfolk Constabulary
  • Northamptonshire Police
  • Nottinghamshire Police
  • Suffolk Constabulary
  • Surrey Police
  • Sussex Police
  • Thames Valley Police.

Regional role for fire & rescue services

Zoë Billingham is Her Majesty’s Inspector of the Fire & Rescue Services for the Eastern Region and deals with the following fire & rescue services:

  • Bedfordshire Fire and Rescue Service
  • Cambridgeshire Fire and Rescue Service
  • Derbyshire Fire and Rescue Service
  • Essex County Fire and Rescue Service
  • Hertfordshire Fire and Rescue Service
  • Kent Fire and Rescue Service
  • Leicestershire Fire and Rescue Service
  • Lincolnshire Fire and Rescue Service
  • Norfolk Fire and Rescue Service
  • Northamptonshire Fire and Rescue Service
  • Nottinghamshire Fire and Rescue Service
  • Suffolk Fire and Rescue Service