Integrated PEEL Assessments

Overview of PEEL

PEEL is an annual assessment of police forces in England and Wales. Forces are assessed on their effectiveness, efficiency and legitimacy. They are judged as outstanding, good, requires improvement or inadequate on these categories (or pillars) based on inspection findings, analysis and Her Majesty’s Inspectors’ (HMIs) professional judgment across the year.

Overview of Integrated PEEL Assessments (IPAs)

In May 2018, HMICFRS changed our approach to the PEEL inspection programme. The new Integrated PEEL Assessment programme develops the existing approach. While it is underpinned by an updated methodology, how we inspect is broadly the same from year to year so that the public can see how each police force’s performance changes over time.

The IPA has been designed to bring the three PEEL pillars together into a single, clear and coherent narrative.

Integrated PEEL Assessments in detail

The IPA comprises of three elements:

  1. PEEL inspections;
  2. Force Management Statements (FMSs);
  3. force monitoring.

IPA changes HMICFRS’s approach to inspections. From 2018, inspections will be:

  • termly – we will inspect forces in three tranches across the reporting year;
  • simplified – the question set that forces are assessed against has been reduced by 30 per cent;
  • risk-based – we will concentrate on areas with the greatest risk to the public rather than inspecting every element of a high performing force every time;
  • integrated – one inspection will cover the effectiveness, efficiency and legitimacy of a force and findings published as one force report;
  • collaborative – forces will be expected to assess their own performance and provide FMSs; and
  • rolling – an ongoing monitoring process will examine areas of risk in forces and inform HMICFRS’s inspection programme.

The first IPA reports will be published in early 2019.

PEEL Inspections

For the first reporting year of IPA inspections, HMICFRS will conduct fieldwork at all 43 forces in England and Wales across three tranches.

Tranche one – Monday 3 September 2018 to Friday 14 December 2018 Tranche two – Monday 14 January 2019 to Friday 12 April 2019 Tranche three – Monday 29 April 2019 to Friday 19 July 2019
  • City of London Police
  • Cumbria Constabulary
  • Durham Constabulary
  • Dyfed Powys Police
  • Essex Police
  • Gloucestershire Constabulary
  • Greater Manchester Police
  • Humberside Police
  • Kent Police
  • Leicestershire Police
  • Merseyside Police
  • Norfolk Constabulary
  • Nottinghamshire Police
  • West Midlands Police
  • Wiltshire Police
  • Cheshire Constabulary
  • Dorset Police
  • Hertfordshire Constabulary
  • Metropolitan Police Service
  • Northamptonshire Police
  • Northumbria Police
  • North Yorkshire Police
  • South Wales Police
  • South Yorkshire Police
  • Suffolk Constabulary
  • Surrey Police
  • Thames Valley Police
  • Warwickshire Police/West Mercia Police
  • Avon and Somerset Constabulary
  • Bedfordshire Police
  • Cambridgeshire Constabulary
  • Cleveland Police
  • Derbyshire Constabulary
  • Devon and Cornwall Police
  • Gwent Police
  • Hampshire Constabulary
  • Lancashire Constabulary
  • Lincolnshire Police
  • North Wales Police
  • Staffordshire Police
  • Sussex Police
  • West Yorkshire Police

In 2018/19, all forces will be assessed against the four following core questions:

  • vulnerability;
  • specialist capabilities;
  • counter corruption; and
  • future planning.

They will be the only mandatory questions during the first year of the IPA inspection programme. HMICFRS will carry out a risk assessment to determine if a force will be inspected against any other questions.

HMICFRS will continue to inspect some forces that are ‘good’, in order to identify notable practice and to identify and grade ‘outstanding’ forces.

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Force Management Statements

HMICFRS will also use Force Management Statements (FMSs) to inform our risk assessments and inspection programme.

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Further information about FMS is available on the FMS page.

Force monitoring

Monitoring is an important part of HMICFRS’s inspection programme. In 2017, we introduced a two-stage monitoring process of ‘scanning’ and ‘engaging’. HMICFRS will continue to monitor forces to inform HMICFRS’s risk assessments and inspection programme.

Monitoring decisions are likely to take place three times a year, aligned with each tranche of fieldwork.

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