PEEL: police legitimacy 2017 (8541)

HMICFRS is concerned that forces are not able to demonstrate that the use of stop and search powers is consistently reasonable and fair. In particular, there is over-representation of BAME people, and black people in particular, in stop and search data which many forces are unable to explain.

To address this cause of concern HMICFRS recommends that:

1.By July 2018, all police forces across England and Wales should be regularly and frequently monitoring a comprehensive set of data and information on use of stop and search powers to understand:

•the reasons for any disproportionate representation of different ethnic groups in the use of stop and search; •the extent to which find rates differ between people from different ethnicities, and across different types of searches (including separate identification of find rates for drug possession and supply-type offences); and •the prevalence of possession-only drug searches, and the extent to which these align with local or force level priorities.

2.Where forces identify disparities through monitoring, they should demonstrate to the public that they have:

•carried out research and analysis in an attempt to understand the reasons for the disparity, and •taken action to reduce the disparity, where necessary;

3.We expect forces to publish this analysis and any actions taken at least on an annual basis, from July 2018.

4.By July 2018, and ongoing following that date, forces should ensure that all officers who use stop and search powers have been provided with, and understand, training on unconscious bias and College of Policing APP on stop and search.

[on]12th December 2017 [status]awaiting-review[/status][/on][on]20th February 2018 [status]being-progressed[/status][/on][on]20th February 2018 [comment]

An independent scrutiny panel meet quarterly to review a range of stop search data including the ethnicity of people stopped and searched. This includes arrest rates, the number of searches of BAME people and the outcomes of those searches. The panel review all searches of BAME people. There is BAME representation on the scrutiny panel and HMICFRS inspectors observed good discussion and debate during a review of BAME search records by the panel on 15th May 2017. Discussions included the affect of being stop searched by police on the BAME community.

I am waiting for further information from the force to inform a further review of progress against all the points detailed within this recommendation.

[/comment][/on][on]16th August 2018 [comment]

I am waiting for further information from the force to inform a further review of progress against each of the following points:-1.By July 2018, all police forces across England and Wales should be regularly and frequently monitoring a comprehensive set of data and information on use of stop and search powers to understand: •the reasons for any disproportionate representation of different ethnic groups in the use of stop and search; •the extent to which find rates differ between people from different ethnicities, and across different types of searches (including separate identification of find rates for drug possession and supply-type offences); and •the prevalence of possession-only drug searches, and the extent to which these align with local or force level priorities. 2.Where forces identify disparities through monitoring, they should demonstrate to the public that they have: •carried out research and analysis in an attempt to understand the reasons for the disparity, and •taken action to reduce the disparity, where necessary; 3.We expect forces to publish this analysis and any actions taken at least on an annual basis, from July 2018. 4.By July 2018, and ongoing following that date, forces should ensure that all officers who use stop and search powers have been provided with, and understand, training on unconscious bias and College of Policing APP on stop and search.

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