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Greater Manchester PEEL 2015

Effectiveness

How effective is the force at keeping people safe and reducing crime?

Last updated 18/02/2016
Good

Overall Greater Manchester Police is good at keeping people safe and reducing crime. The force has good arrangements in place to tackle serious and organised crime. It works well to prevent crime and anti-social behaviour. The force is also good at protecting vulnerable people from harm. However, the way in which the force investigates crime could be improved, most notably the investigation of non-complex crime. This is the first year HMIC has graded forces on their overall effectiveness so a year-on-year comparison is not possible.

Greater Manchester Police is good at keeping people safe and reducing crime.

The force has a strong commitment to tackling crime and anti-social behaviour and the importance of prevention and keeping people safe is generally well understood throughout the whole force. The force works effectively with partner organisations and HMIC found many examples of effective partnership working across the force area.

The standard of investigations is mixed. The force has introduced a crime screening policy, which is not always being applied appropriately. HMIC was particularly disappointed to find that the standard of investigation of non-complex crime remains consistently poor and lacks effective management and supervision. In contrast, the investigation of the most serious and complex crime is conducted to a very high standard and, while the investigation of serious sexual offences is not always undertaken by specialist teams, it will be done by detectives with specialist support.

Greater Manchester Police is good at protecting from harm those who are vulnerable, and supporting victims. Police officers and staff now routinely identify those who are vulnerable at an early stage and tailor their response accordingly.

The level of threat posed by organised crime within Greater Manchester is extensive and the force has committed significant resources to manage the ongoing threat. The force has a very good understanding of how serious and organised crime makes an impact on local communities. To tackle this, the force has long established and fully accepted partnership working arrangements operating under Programme Challenger.

The force has the necessary arrangements in place to ensure that it can fulfil its national policing responsibilities.

 

Questions for Effectiveness

1

How effective is the force at preventing crime and anti-social behaviour, and keeping people safe?

Greater Manchester Police is good at preventing crime and anti-social behaviour and keeping people safe.

The force has a strong commitment to tackle crime and anti-social behaviour. The importance of preventing crime and anti-social behaviour and keeping people safe is generally well understood throughout the whole force.

The force is committed to working more closely with other public sector organisations and agencies, to improve outcomes for local people under the banner of public service reform.

HMIC found many examples of effective partnership working across the force area and the use of new legislation to tackle emerging issues of anti-social behaviour.

The force is committed to neighbourhood policing and neighbourhood teams work effectively with partner agencies to prevent crime and anti-social behaviour in local communities. Taking staff away from their neighbourhood duties continues to have an impact on how effective they can be in their neighbourhood role. The force plans to address this and is piloting a new integrated neighbourhood policing model in Salford.

Good

Areas for improvement

  • The force should ensure that the prevention of crime and anti-social behaviour is a routine part of neighbourhood policing activity.
  • The force should use evidence of ‘what works’ drawn from other forces, academics and partners to continually improve its approach to the prevention of crime and anti-social behaviour. There needs to be routine evaluation of tactics and sharing of effective practice.
2

How effective is the force at investigating crime and managing offenders?

Greater Manchester Police’s approach to investigating crime and managing offenders requires improvement.

The force has introduced a new crime screening policy to determine which crimes will be investigated and by whom, but it is not always being applied appropriately.

The standard of investigation of non-complex crime is poor and lacks effective management and supervision.

The investigation of serious and complex crime is conducted to a very high standard and, while specialist teams do not always undertake the investigation of serious sexual offences, detectives with specialist support will carry them out.

Good investigation support is provided through forensic analysis and significant progress has been made in the digital analysis of exhibits to help identify offenders.

Multi-agency integrated offender management teams are identifying effectively those at greatest risk of offending and diverting them away from crime.

The force has a dedicated sex offender management unit and, although it acknowledges that its policies and procedures are not in line with national guidance, staff within the unit are managing the threat and risk dynamically on a daily basis.

The force is changing its risk assessment practices for registered sex offenders to implement an active risk management system, which, although time consuming, is in the main resulting in a reduction in the level of assessed risk.

The management of offenders under multi-agency public protection arrangements is good.

Requires improvement

Areas for improvement

  • The force should ensure that all crimes are allocated promptly to investigators with the appropriate skills, accreditation and support to investigate them to a good standard.
  • The force should ensure that there is regular and active supervision of investigations to check quality and progress.
  • The force should ensure that all those carrying out investigations are provided with appropriate training and support.
  • The force should ensure that the risks posed by registered sex offenders are managed effectively.
3

How effective is the force at protecting from harm those who are vulnerable, and supporting victims?

Greater Manchester Police is good at protecting from harm those who are vulnerable and supporting victims.

Following a critical report in 2014 by HMIC about the force’s approach to tackling domestic abuse, Greater Manchester Police invested considerable effort and resources into ensuring that vulnerability is the priority for the force. In November 2014 HMIC re-visited the force and found significant improvements.

Police officers and staff now routinely identify those who are vulnerable at an early stage and tailor their response. While computer systems are limited in their ability to identify repeat victims, officers and staff are confident and skilled to ask victims directly.

The force investigates crime committed against the most vulnerable victims well. Investigations by specialist officers into the most serious offences, such as rape and wounding, are of a particularly good standard, with victim-centred investigations.

Greater Manchester Police has a clear, structured and well-supervised process for responding to reports of missing and absent children. The force works well with local authorities and partners to keep these children safe.

The force has learnt lessons from high profile cases of child sexual exploitation. All public sector partners across Greater Manchester have signed up to Project Phoenix, a shared approach to tackling child sexual exploitation.

Officers attending domestic abuse incidents have a good knowledge of how to assess risk and look for indicators of increased risk.



Good
4

How effective is the force at tackling serious and organised crime, including its arrangement for fulfilling its national policing responsibilities?

Greater Manchester Police has a very good understanding of how serious and organised crime makes an impact on local communities.

The level of threat posed by organised crime within Greater Manchester is extensive. Organised crime groups are identified at local and force levels and good systems are in place to tackle these groups using a wide range of options.

The force has committed significant resources to manage the ongoing threat, including a well developed intelligence capability, which makes the most of intelligence gathering opportunities, particularly those available through government and partner arrangements.

The force is strongly committed to partnership working to tackle serious and organised crime through Programme Challenger. Programme Challenger sets the overall approach to serious and organised crime for the force and its partners. Dedicated multi-agency challenger teams disrupt and dismantle OCGs.

The force is meeting its responsibilities under The Strategic Policing Requirement. It has sufficient resources to deal with most public order contingencies and respond to a major incident and these arrangements are regularly tested.

This is the first year HMIC has graded forces on their effectiveness at tackling serious and organised crime, including its arrangements for ensuring that it can fulfil its national policing responsibilities, so no year-on-year comparison is possible.

Good

Areas for improvement

  • The force should complete its serious and organised crime local profile including relevant data from partner agencies, and ensure that it has a local partnership structure in place with responsibility for tackling serious and organised crime.