National PEEL reports

The national PEEL reports bring together the common themes we found during our inspections of all 43 police forces in England and Wales. There is an annual national report for each PEEL pillar (i.e. effectiveness, efficiency and legitimacy), as well as supplementary reports on any significant themes either within or across the pillars. For each pillar there are also individual reports on each police force in England and Wales.

State of Policing in England and Wales

Under section 54(4A) of the Police Act 1996, Her Majesty’s Chief Inspector of Constabulary provides an annual assessment of the efficiency and effectiveness of policing in England and Wales to the Secretary of State.

Get the most recent report

State of Policing: The Annual Assessment of Policing in England and Wales 2014

For previous State of Policing reports, please visit the publications section.

Effectiveness

This pillar is concerned with the question: How effective is the force at keeping people safe and reducing crime?

The primary role of the police is to prevent crime and anti-social behaviour, and to protect individuals, communities and victims – especially those who are vulnerable. This report sets out findings from an inspection of how effectively the 43 police forces in England and Wales are meeting these objectives.

In 2015, HMIC published its assessment of vulnerability separately from the rest of the effectiveness report.

Read more about how HMIC inspects a force’s effectiveness

Get the reports

PEEL: Police effectiveness 2015 – 18 February 2016

PEEL: Police effectiveness 2015 (Vulnerability) – 15 December 2015

Efficiency

This pillar is concerned with the question: How efficient are the police at keeping people safe and reducing crime?

This builds on and develops HMIC’s value for money inspections (which ran for the four years of the last spending review period).

Read more about how HMIC inspects a force’s efficiency

Get the reports

PEEL: Police efficiency 2016 – 3 November 2016

PEEL: Police efficiency 2015 – 20 October 2015

Legitimacy

This pillar is concerned with the question: How legitimate is the force at keeping people safe and reducing crime?

A force is considered to have legitimacy if those working in it are seen by the public consistently to behave fairly, ethically and within the law. These are important factors in building and maintaining the trust and cooperation of the public.

Read more about how HMIC inspects a force’s legitimacy

Get the reports

PEEL: Police legitimacy 2016 – 8 December 2016

PEEL: Police legitimacy 2015 – 11 February 2016